Taj Mahal, also spelled Tadj Mahall, mausoleum complex in Agra, western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in childbirth in 1631, having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612. India’s most famous and widely recognized building, it is situated in the eastern part of the city on the southern (right) bank of the Yamuna (Jumna) River. Agra Fort (Red Fort), also on the right bank of the Yamuna, is about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal.
In its harmonious proportions and its fluid incorporation of decorative elements, the Taj Mahal is distinguished as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. Other attractions include twin mosque buildings (placed symmetrically on either side of the mausoleum), lovely gardens, and a museum. One of the most beautiful structural compositions in the world, the Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s most iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists each year. The complex was designated a UNESCOWorld Heritage site in 1983.
Kingfishers or Alcedinidae are a family of small to medium-sized, brightly colored birds in the order Coraciiformes. They have a cosmopolitan distribution, with most species found in the tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Oceania but also can be seen in Europe.
Kingfishers are known for their stocky body, long, thick bill and striking colors and markings. Many kingfishers are decked out in feathers of bright blue, green, turquoise, red, or gold. Some have splotches, dashes, stripes, or speckles. The dagger-shaped bill often seems too long or too big for the rest of the bird, but it is well designed for capturing food. Most kingfishers have short legs and strong feet, since they spend most of their time perched on a stalk, twig, or branch while keeping an eye out for a meal. Even though they are chunky birds, kingfishers are fast flyers. Some, like pied kingfishers, can even flap their wings fast enough to hover over water.
Kingfishers like to keep clean and bathe by diving into water and then perching in the sun to dry and preen their feathers. Some use their wings to scrub and scratch the top of their head. They also keep that impressive bill clean by scraping it against a branch until they are satisfied that the bill is in good condition.
Video timeline: 0:00 Intro of oregon 0:40 Aerial view of smith rock 1:05 Oregon portland at sunset 1:27 Rocky mountain 1:32 Caruthers bridge in 1:40 Stream and mounta in portland 1:50 Newport oregon 2:04 Beautiful crater lake 2:13 Mt hood & mountain 2:19 Oregon portland at night 2:31 Crater lake with snowy mountain 2:39 Ocean with wave 2:48 Aerial ocean 2:53 Aerial oregon and snowy mountain 3:08 Green fields with lake 3:15 Natural landscape 3:29 Golf course 3:38 Lake view at sunset time 3:47 Oregon eugene 3:57 Covered bridge 4:01 Oregon lake 4:29 Aerial oregon 4:29 Sunset and sonwy mountain 4:42 Oregon field 4:47 Oregon eugene 5:03 Oregon waterfall 5:16 Smith rock aerial view 5:46 Rocky shoreline 5:58 Mt bachelor 6:15 Snowy mountains 6:20 Portland at sunset 6:49 Mountain 6:56 Skyscraper in oregon 7:26 Mountain and field 7:36 Skyscraper in oregon, USA 8:00 Waldport oregon 8:08 Colorful sunset 8:12 Aerial view mountain 8:20 Canon beach 8:45 Crater lake 8:56 Canon beach 9:26 Beach oregon 9:38 Crater lake 10:01 Deschutes river 10:31 Mt hood 10:46 Paddle board 10:54 Oregon eugene 11:23 Oregon clear lake 11:56 Mountainside 12:01 Rocky ocean 12:14 Mt bachelor 12:32 Aerial view of portland, USA 12:44 Snowy oregon 13:03 Lake of oregon 13:24 Waterfall in oregon 13:38 Smith rock 14:07 Mount hood 14:27 Painted hills 14:42 Mt bachelor 14:59 Relaxing river & rock 15:09 Oregon mt bachelor 15:30 Oregon rocky hill 15:50 Oregon portland 16:12 Oregon smith rock 16:42 Oregon skyscraper 17:12 Downtown in Oregon 17:42 Aerial Oregon 18:09 Smith rock 18:29 Aerial skyscraper
Admitted to the union as the 33rd state on February 14, 1859, Oregon comprises an area of startling physical diversity, from the moist rainforests, mountains, and fertile valleys of its western third to the naturally arid and climatically harsh eastern deserts.
Mountains, plateaus, plains, and valleys of different geologic ages and materials are arrayed in countless combinations, including such natural wonders as the Columbia River Gorge, Oregon Caves National Monument, Crater Lake National Park, the majestic snow-covered peaks of the Cascade Range, and the central Oregon “moon country” (lava fields that served as a training site for astronauts in the U.S. space program in the 1960s). The name Oregon is thought to be Native American in origin.
Costa Rica is a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific. Though its capital, San Jose, is home to cultural institutions like the Pre-Columbian Gold Museum, Costa Rica is known for its beaches, volcanoes, and biodiversity. Roughly a quarter of its area is made up of protected jungle, teeming with wildlife including spider monkeys and quetzal birds.
Poland, country of central Europe. Poland is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and the fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier.
Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted by the forces of regional history. In the early Middle Ages, Poland’s small principalities and townships were subjugated by successive waves of invaders, from Germans and Balts to Mongols.
In the mid-1500s, united Poland was the largest state in Europe and perhaps the continent’s most powerful nation. Yet two and a half centuries later, during the Partitions of Poland (1772–1918), it disappeared, parceled out among the contending empires of Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
Sakhalin is a Russian island in the Pacific Ocean, north of Japan. In the capital of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, a pagoda-style building houses the Sakhalin Regional Museum. On display are indigenous artifacts and a rich paleontology collection. Nearby, the Chekhov Book Museum explores writer Anton Chekhov’s time on the island. In a stately 1930s building, the Sakhalin Art Museum focuses on 19th-century Russian paintings.
Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza’s colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor’s hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs.
Video timeline: 0:00 Khafre with Pyramid 0:08 Karnak temple 0:15 Cinematic view of Hatshepsut temple 0:21 Sphinx with blue sky 0:29 Cinematic view of Pyramids 0:37 Tomb ramses of Hieroglyphs 0:44 Edfu temple 0:53 Pyramids in Egypt 0:58 Sphinx Giza valley 1:05 Ancient in egypt 1:12 Sphinx in egypt 1:17 Obelisk pillar 1:24 big balloon in Luxor, egypt 1:27 Nile river 1:34 Cairo mosque 1:39 Beautiful Hieroglyphics 1:50 Aswan philae 1:58 Sea in El Gouna 2:06 Ocean in Hurghada 2:10 Sphinx with blue sky 2:13 Hieroglyphs 2:17 Pyramids 2:21 Hieroglyphs 2:29 Animated ancient 2:36 Sphinx with Pyramids 2:43 Pyramids in egypt 2:48 Great sphinx
The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.
Chile is a long, narrow country stretching along South America’s western edge, with more than 6,000km of Pacific Ocean coastline. Santiago, its capital, sits in a valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean Coast Range mountains.