Category Archives: Foreign Affairs



Americas Quarterly (Spring 2023) – Love him or not, the return of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is a watershed moment not just for Brazil, but Latin America as a whole. The 77-year-old is “the region’s only diplomatic heavy hitter and the most globally visible Latin American leader of his generation,” writes Oliver Stuenkel in this issue’s cover story.

Under Lula, Brazil Can Take On Regional Leadership. Will It?

Brazil’s President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva during a visit to Portugal in April.

A diplomatic heavy hitter is back at the helm of Latin America’s largest country—but the path to an influential international role is full of obstacles.

Gustavo Petro Can’t Ignore Human Rights in Venezuela

Gustavo Petro, Colombia's president, left, and Nicolas Maduro, Venezuela's president, meet at the Tienditas International Bridge in Cucuta, Colombia, on Thursday, Feb. 16, 2023. During the meeting near the border, the heads of state signed a memorandum of understanding focused on modernizing trade rules between Colombia and Venezuela. Photographer: Ferley Ospina/Bloomberg via Getty Images
Presidents Gustavo Petro and Nicolás Maduro at the Tienditas International Bridge in Cúcuta, Colombia, on February 16.

At his summit on Venezuela, Colombia’s president must demand respect for democracy and the environment, writes a former Venezuelan mayor.

Thinking Abroad: Latin America’s Foreign Policies

AQ tracks priorities in external relations, including positions on Venezuela and China, in eight countries.

Amid growing tensions between the world’s largest superpowers, much of Latin America has taken an independent approach to foreign relations. Countries are increasingly following a path that Chilean scholars Carlos Fortin, Jorge Heine and Carlos Ominami titled the “active non-alignment option.” Regional integration is a top concern for some leaders, while others are seeking engagement far beyond the Western Hemisphere. Meanwhile, policy choices have to contend with domestic infrastructure challenges and a global concern with the impacts of climate change.


Military Analysis: Why Are Wars Getting Longer?

The Economist (April 18, 2023) – The outbreak of violence in Sudan isn’t an anomaly; the world’s civil wars are growing longer and deadlier. Robert Guest, The Economist’s deputy editor, explains why.

Video timeline: 00:00 – Civil wars are getting longer 00:58 – Complexity 02:14 – Criminality 03:12 – Climate change 04:52 – The road to peace?

Preview: Foreign Affairs Magazine- May/June 2023

May/June 2023

Foreign Affairs – May/June 2023 issue:

In Defense of the Fence Sitters

What the West Gets Wrong About Hedging

Kumé Pather

As countries in the global South refuse to take a side in the war in Ukraine, many in the West are struggling to understand why. Some speculate that these countries have opted for neutrality out of economic interest. Others see ideological alignments with Moscow and Beijing behind their unwillingness to take a stand—or even a lack of morals. But the behavior of large developing countries can be explained by something much simpler: the desire to avoid being trampled in a brawl among China, Russia, and the United States.   

The Upside of Rivalry

India’s Great-Power Opportunity

Kumé Pather

For China, Russia, and the West, the last year has been one of fear and conflict. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has killed tens of thousands, perhaps even hundreds of thousands, of people. It has prompted the United States and Europe to rearm and has pushed Moscow and Washington back into Cold War–style competition. 

Documentary: Inequality & Abundance In Namibia

DW Documentary (April 7, 2023) – When it comes to the chasm between rich and poor, few nations on Earth can compare with Namibia. Seventy percent of the country’s territory is owned by just six percent of the population.

The wounds inflicted during the German colonial era still run deep. Namibia’s colonial past is a violent one. Attempts by the indigenous Nama and Herero people to oppose the ambitions of German colonial rulers were brutally crushed. A genocide of the Nama and Herero was carried out between 1904 and 1908 and only officially recognized as such by the German government in 2021.

These terrible events continue to affect Namibian society to this day: While many of the victims’ descendants live on illegal settlements in constant fear of eviction, the white descendants of German colonialists still own most of the land and believe it is rightfully theirs. Most of Namibia’s vast natural resources are owned or controlled by foreigners.

The diamond industry is dominated by the international DeBeers consortium headquartered in London, UK. The construction and uranium industries are controlled by the Chinese; this is because Beijing continues to prop up the ruling SWAPO party, widely seen as corrupt. Documents leaked in 2021 revealed that North Korea was illegally subcontracted to build the country’s State House. Most of the country is sparsely populated, enabling nature to flourish.

Namibia is (still) home to one to one of the greatest wildlife populations in the world, including the only free roaming black rhinos. But an upswing in poaching by Chinese crime syndicates is threatening to destroy decades of conservation work, while global warming exacerbates desertification, threatening indigenous communities.

Foreign Affairs: Haiti – A Violent & Broken Country

FRANCE 24 (April 5, 2023) – The security situation in Haiti has spiralled out of control since the shock assassination of President Jovenel Moise in July 2021, with the country increasingly beset by violence. Today, unrest has reached such levels that the United Nations is being urged to intervene and there has been a total breakdown of governance.

Haiti country profile - BBC News

 The country is increasingly at the mercy of criminal gangs and half of the population struggles to find food. FRANCE 24’s team travelled to Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital, before gangs took full control of the city. They met a writer, a street vendor and a food importer, as well as residents trying to flee abroad.

Haiti is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic to its east. Though it’s still recovering from a 2010 earthquake, many of Haiti’s landmarks dating to the early 19th century remain intact. These include Citadelle la Ferrière, a mountaintop fortress, and the nearby ruins of Sans-Souci Palace, the baroque former royal home of King Henry I. 

Preview: Foreign Affairs Magazine – March 2023

March/April 2023

Foreign Affairs – March/April 2023 issue:

What Russia Got Wrong

Can Moscow Learn From Its Failures in Ukraine?

Pakistan’s Twin Crises

The Dangerous Convergence of a Collapsing Economy and Surging Terrorism

Israel’s Dangerous Shadow War With Iran

Why the Risk of Escalation Is Growing

Putin’s Hidden War: The Russians Fighting Back

The Economist (February 23, 2023): The invasion of Ukraine left Russians with a stark choice: carry on as normal or make a stand against the war. But speaking out in Russia carries huge risks. How is the opposition managing to resist the regime – and at what personal cost?

Video timeline: 00:00 – One year on 01:37 – The first wave of protests 05:43 – Crackdown on dissent 10:04 – Individual acts of rebellion 13:51 – Partial mobilisation 16:20 – Russia’s mass exodus 23:06 – The future of Russian rebellion

Foreign Affairs Magazine: The Best Articles Of 2022

Foreign Affairs (December 23, 2022) – Editors’ Top Picks from print and the web:

The Sources of Russian Misconduct

A Diplomat Defects From the Kremlin


Revenge of the Patriarchs

Why Autocrats Fear Women


Nobody Wants the Current World Order

How All the Major Powers—Even the United States—Became Revisionists

AUGUST 3, 2022


Previews: The Economist Magazine – Dec 23-30, 2022


The Economist Magazine (December 23 – 30, 2022) issue:

Our country of the year for 2022 can only be Ukraine

For the heroism of its people, and for standing up to a bully

What 2022 meant for the world

Some years bring disorder, others a resolution. This one asked questions

Elon Musk’s $44bn education on free speech

He has had a crash course in the trade-offs in protecting free expression

Previews: Foreign Affairs Magazine – Jan/Feb 2023

January/February 2023

Foreign Affairs – January/February 2023:

Putin’s Last Stand

The Promise and Peril of Russian Defeat

The Global Zeitenwende

How to Avoid a New Cold War in a Multipolar Era

A Free World, If You Can Keep It

Ukraine and American Interests